A lot happens in a state's capital city. It's where the local government governs, but these centers of activity are usually so much more. Most are cities full of opportunity and infrastructure that make an effort to honor local history and culture.
Highlighting the best state capitals in America
Should you shoot for a capital city when thinking about making a move? Maybe. Especially if you're interested in local politics or want to live in an area that's guaranteed to have a lot to do, it's probably worth taking a look.
There is a lot to consider when selecting the best state capitals where you should live, but we're making the decision a little easier for you. From economic factors such as cost of living and median income to professional considerations like overall business counts and commuting time, we created a formula that looks at all 50 state capitals in the U.S. and measures in terms of overall livability.
We then scored each city to rank the capitals in every state from 1 to 50. Without further ado, we give you the best state capitals to live in our country.
The 10 best state capitals in the U.S.
While all of the state capitals are the best in their own way, there are 10 that stand out from the pack. These cities are located all across the country — from the Midwest and the Rocky Mountains to the South and from New England all the way to Hawaii (let's be honest, who wouldn't love a tropical paradise?).
These state capitals really do have it all, so if you're considering a move, think about one of these cities that cracked our top 10 list.
They're truly some of the best state capitals to call home.
10. Honolulu, HI
Long before Hawaii was part of the United States, Honolulu became its capital. In 1850, King Kamehameha III gave the city its status in honor of the previous King, Kamehameha I, who moved his court thereafter conquering Oahu in 1804. However, between the two kings, Russia, Britain and France all occupied the area, each at a different time.
The beauty of Honolulu back then, is still very present today, even among the modern buildings and resorts. That's thanks to the world-famous Waikiki Beach and Leahi, the 760-foot tuft crater you're able to climb.
Drawing in the majority of Oahu's population, this scenic capital city has a business score of 9, which puts it toward the top. Residents also bring in a relatively high median income of $71,247. Top industries in the area include food service, healthcare and retail.
Living in Honolulu will cost you about $1,918 per month for a one-bedroom, which is a nice deal to call this laidback, diverse city home. Where else can you tour Pearl Harbor, walk on an extinct volcano, go surfing and grab an authentic poke meal all in a single day?
When Iowa first became a state, Des Moines wasn't the capital. That happened 11 years later after over a decade of debate. Originally, the capital was Iowa City, but lawmakers believed the capital belonged in a more central location, which is why in 1857 it moved to Des Moines.
Calling Des Moines home today is a very budget-friendly choice. The city is one of the most affordable in the U.S. Rent averages at about $1,168 per month for a one-bedroom and the overall cost of living here is 12 percent below the national average.
Residents get a lot out of living in Des Moines. As one of the fastest-growing cities in the Midwest, it's the food, the culture and the natural surroundings that draw in people.
For outdoor enthusiasts, there are over 4,000 acres of parkland and 81 miles of trails to explore. You'll also find four colleges and universities within the city limits including Drake University and Grand View University.
Working in Des Moines means having the opportunity to dabble in a variety of industries including insurance, government, manufacturing, trade and healthcare. Just remember, if you're relocating to the city, don't pronounce the S's in Des Moines.
8. Columbus, OH
Named after that famous explorer, Columbus became the capital of Ohio in 1816. This was the third capital city in the state's history, but thankfully it stuck. Before that, Ohio's capitals were Zanesville and Chillicothe.
Today, Columbus is a diverse town with lots of fun waiting around every corner. A highly walkable and bikeable city, it's easy to get around as you check off all the must-see items on your list. These should include trips to the German Village, the Botanical Gardens and the city's array of cultural and historical museums. There are also plenty of trails and parkland to explore.
With a highly-developed economy, most locals find jobs in education, insurance, banking, fashion and more. The city ranks first in job growth in the Midwest as well. Seventeen Fortune 1000 companies call Columbus home thanks to the affordability of the city. Living here will cost you $1,201 per month for a one-bedroom apartment.
7. Boston, MA
With a long history as one of the oldest cities in the country, Boston earned its capital status way back in 1632. This was while Massachusetts was still a colony. Boston would have to wait over 100 years before it became the capital of a state.
History continues to come alive in this city, where you can easily walk from one end to the other in a single day. Along your trip, you can see Paul Revere's house, tour the graveyard where Sam Adams and Mother Goose lie and revisit the site of the Boston Tea Party. Even the architecture speaks to the history of the city, with beautiful brownstones sitting beside each other on tree-lined streets.
Boston is a busy town with accessible public transportation on top of being easy to walk through. The city's walk score of 89 puts it at the top of our list. It also means you'll often see people on foot whether rain or shine. This includes tourists walking through Boston Common, commuters rushing to the office and even children on their way to school.
Although the cost of living here is almost 50 percent higher than the national average, Boston does have the highest median income, $71,834, of our top 10. This comes in handy since rent here is also on the higher side. Expect to pay an average of $3,461 per month to rent a one-bedroom.
5 (tied). Denver, CO
Denver found its way to Colorado's capital city in 1867, while the state was still a territory. Colorado wouldn't join the union until 1876, but Denver stuck since it was already where the governor lived and all the important government meetings took place.
The Mile High City has continued to grow and attract more residents since back then. With its proximity to picturesque, snow-capped mountains, and plenty of sunshine, Denver today is an outdoor lover's dream. There are more than 200 parks within the city limits and 20,000 acres of parkland in the nearby mountains. The city even has its own herd of buffalo.
The largest city in Colorado, Denver serves as a central hub for industry and transportation. Primary businesses include telecommunications and biomedical technology in addition to tourism, mining and construction. It's also worth mentioning the fast-growing cannabis industry (in the city and the entire state) too.
With plenty of culture and a lot of sports, living in Denver combines natural beauty with plenty of activity. There's also thriving nightlife and amazing restaurants. To rent a one-bedroom apartment here will set you back about $1,928 per month, on average.
5 (tied). Boise, ID
Location is what made Boise the obvious choice for Idaho's state capital. Sitting at the crossroads of the Oregon Trail and routes to the Boise Basin and Owyhee mines, it became the capital in 1864. Technically though, it wasn't the state's first choice, and the capital moved from Lewiston to Boise after only a year.
Boise is both urban and outdoorsy, with a comfortable cost of living, less than a percentage point below the national average. Renting a one-bedroom apartment here averages out to about $1,340 per month.
Opportunities abound here in technology, manufacturing, food production, energy and outdoor recreation, giving the city a business score of 9, a second-place rank.
Nicknamed The City of Trees, Boise takes a portion of the state's 4.7 million acres of wilderness for its residents to use. On nice days, you'll find people out biking, horseback riding, fishing and even skiing. There are plenty of hiking trails, boat docks and more.
Adding to the activities in Boise are the museums, theaters and energetic downtown area. It's a city with a small-town feel that's not lacking in any big city amenities.
4. Madison, WI
Wisconsin became a state in 1848, the same year Madison got named the capital. The debate over this selection lasted for two days, and even then it wasn't a unanimous pick. It may seem silly to us now, but locals took their selection seriously. The final vote passed in a close call of 15 to 11.
Locals will tell you Madison is one of the happiest cities in the country — thanks to the weather. Situated between two lakes, Madison enjoys a constant breeze of fresh air. That'll get you outside quick, but the miles of biking and hiking trails will keep you outdoors. In fact, Madison has the third-highest bike score at 75.
Downtown, you'll find a centralized hub for both work and play. Primary industries in the city include manufacturing, government and agriculture. Nearly one-sixth of the state's farms are within the Greater Madison area, and diversified farming is a primary contributor to the local economy. After a long workday, the same area offers up plenty of shopping, culture and restaurants.
Living here mixes the outdoors with urban amenities to fit any agenda. To rent a one-bedroom apartment, you'll pay an average of $1,223 per month.
3. Cheyenne, WY
Wyoming set Cheyenne as the state capital in 1869. The city itself got its name from the Cheyenne Indians who lived in the area.
If you're looking for a city with a solid cost of living and easy commute time, Cheyenne is for you. The cost of living is 8.2 percent below the national average and rent for a one-bedroom apartment averages out at $930 per month.
Getting to work is easy, too. The city has an average commute time of just under 16 minutes, putting it in third place.
Major industries here include light manufacturing, agriculture, military and government and tourism. Sitting in the southeast corner of the state, you'll find the F.E. Warren Air Force Base here along with plenty of train-centric attractions. After all, Cheyenne is sometimes known as the Railroad Capital of the country.
Many who come to visit imagine a place full of rodeos and cowboys, but really Cheyenne is both a rugged and modern city.
2. Austin, TX
A year after Texas' annexation into the United States, Austin became its capital. Originally, the capital of the state was Houston, but in 1839 it moved to a city named Waterloo. In 1846, that city's name got changed to Austin in honor of the “Father of Texas," Stephen F. Austin.
There are plenty of good neighborhoods to call home within the modern city of Austin, many of which surround the University of Texas. Between the college, the rivers and the music and bar scene, there's a lot to bring people to this state capital.
Austin received the highest business score on our list at 9.3. With the nickname, “Silicon Hills," the city offers up a lot of opportunities in technology and innovation. You'll find a lot of startups call Austin home as well. Even Apple is getting in on things, creating a campus in this Texas town.
A mild climate, and about 300 days of sunshine per year, make Austin a great place to have fun both inside and out. There's also plenty of amazing Tex-Mex to chow down on when the craving for tacos hits.
Living here will set you back about $1,417 per month if renting a one-bedroom apartment but luckily it's also an affordable city with the cost of living just a touch over the national average and a median income of over $71,500.
Earning the distinction of state capital when Utah joined the union in 1896, Salt Lake City has long had a reputation of acceptance. The city itself was a popular choice for the capital because its ideals aligned with the country at the time — growth, expansion and religious freedoms.
Today, you'll find Salt Lake City an active community with a lot of potential for professional growth. It earns near-top scores in its walkability, bikeability and business opportunity.
With an urban center invigorated by a buzzing tech scene, the downtown area is where you'll find a lot of the action. From craft beer to theater, amazing dining to culture, Salt Lake City provides eclectic fun.
The outdoor recreation of the area is also worth mentioning. Living in Salt Lake City, you're not only close to some incredible skiing, but also within reach of five national parks. The city itself also draws residents outdoors with a festive atmosphere you can walk through all year long.
Calling this part of Utah home means plenty to do and even more to see. It's a perfect combination of natural beauty and urban design. Renting a one-bedroom apartment here means budgeting for about $1,233 on average, per month.
The best state capitals by rank
We've given you a taste of what some of our state capitals have to offer, but see how all 50 of them rank. Check out the complete chart below.
|Total Rank||City||Income Rank||Cost of Living Rank||Commuting Rank||Walkability Rank||Bikeability Rank||Business Rank|
|1||Salt Lake City, UT||16||30||23||8||4||2|
|5 (tied)||Boise, ID||22||25||13||29||9||2|
|5 (tied)||Denver, CO||6||42||44||5||1||2|
|9||Des Moines, IA||27||5||17||18||31||12|
|13||Oklahoma City, OK||26||4||29||30||29||12|
|15 (tied)||Phoenix, AZ||21||29||46||18||13||11|
|15 (tied)||Topeka, KS||39||3||10||33||18||35|
|17||St. Paul, MN||25||31||39||11||11||24|
|19 (tied)||Sacramento, CA||12||46||43||13||5||28|
|19 (tied)||Indianapolis, IN||36||8||34||40||27||2|
|21 (tied)||Montpelier, VT||11||43||11||6||36||41|
|21 (tied)||Pierre, SD||15||18||1||36||29||49|
|23 (tied)||Little Rock, AR||35||18||16||31||47||2|
|23 (tied)||Lansing, MI||47||16||19||25||17||25|
|25||Santa Fe, NM||19||17||22||31||27||34|
|32||Carson City, NV||23||40||21||20||7||49|
|33 (tied)||Concord, NH||7||37||28||25||38||30|
|33 (tied)||Nashville, TN||18||13||42||33||44||15|
|36 (tied)||Tallahassee, FL||45||22||15||36||22||28|
|36 (tied)||Hartford, CT||50||40||35||3||15||25|
|41 (tied)||Salem, OR||30||48||33||22||10||36|
|41 (tied)||Jackson, MS||46||1||26||42||44||20|
|43||Baton Rouge, LA||43||20||30||33||33||21|
|48||Jefferson City, MO||29||7||49||42||48||46|
To find the best state capitals in America, we used the following data points:
- Median household income reported by the U.S. Census Bureau
- Cost of living reported by the Council for Community and Economic Research
- Average commute times reported by the U.S. Census Bureau
- Walk Score
- Bike Score
- Overall business score determined by the number of variety of business listings in a particular city compared to other cities of similar size across the country
We ranked each city from 1 to 50 (with 1 being the best) in each of these six categories. We allowed ties in these rankings. Then, we added up the rankings for each of the six categories to determine a final score for each city. The cities with the lowest overall score were determined to be the best state capitals.
Rent prices are based on a one-year rolling weighted average from Apartment Guide and Rent.com's multifamily rental property inventory of one-bedroom apartments as of April 2021. Our team uses a weighted average formula that more accurately represents price availability for each individual unit type and reduces the influence of seasonality on rent prices in specific markets.
The rent information included in this article is used for illustrative purposes only. The data contained herein do not constitute financial advice or a pricing guarantee for any apartment.